When can a case of mistaken identity turn into a dangerous situation? When a facial recognition scanner falsely identifies you as a wanted criminal to a police officer.
If a police officer thinks they’re dealing with a wanted or dangerous criminal instead of an innocent citizen, the situation will likely become tense. Even if nothing violent occurs, no Americans want to be stripped of their rights or dignity by being handcuffed and detained when they’ve done nothing wrong.
That’s why the California State Legislature would be wise to ban the use of facial recognition technology programs in body-worn police cameras. Facial recognition technology, which is in the very early stages of development, is too undependable and prone to inaccuracy to deploy as a law enforcement tool.
Case in point: A facial recognition software test conducted recently by the American Civil Liberties Union identified 26 individuals as matches for criminals in mug shots. In reality, the wrongly identified individuals are members of the Legislature.
Assembly member Phil Ting, D-San Francisco, is one of the legislators falsely matched to a mug shot. He’s also the author of Assembly Bill 1215, which would ban California police departments from using facial recognition technology with their officer-worn, body-worn cameras. Cities like Oakland and San Francisco are already moving to ban the use of facial recognition, and the ACLU’s high-profile publicity stunt has no doubt captured the attention of Ting’s colleagues.
“This experiment reinforces the fact that facial recognition software is not ready for prime time—let alone for use in body cameras worn by law enforcement,” said Ting.
Technology has provided police with useful tools to keep our communities safe. The use of familial DNA, which can pinpoint a suspect based on the DNA of their relatives, has solved several high-profile cold cases. Police tracked down Golden State Killer Joseph DeAngelo using such technology. Familial DNA also resulted in the capture of the suspected NorCal Rapist, who terrorized women for 15 years beginning in 1991. Nobody would rather see those guilty of such heinous crimes remain untraceable due to a lack of technology.
License plate readers have also become more common as police tools over the past few years. They allow police to scan thousands of license plates an hour and receive a notification when they hit on the plate of a wanted person. In 2015, a license plate reader allowed Virginia police to locate Vester Flanagan, a man who murdered two reporters on live television. Last week, the technology enabled Elk Grove police to track down a man wanted for murder.
These technologies have the potential to make us safer. At the same time, they pose an unprecedented threat to our civil rights. The idea of a society under constant technological surveillance resembles an Orwellian dystopia more than the United States of America. We must make careful, deliberate choices about the degree to which we accept blanket surveillance in return for the promise of safety.
We must also recognize the fact that some of these technologies have the potential to make the world less safe for certain people. Facial recognition technologies are more likely to wrongly identify people of color, women and young people.