Nobody likes to see snow on a soybean field.
For city folks, it means winter has come too soon. For farmers, it means Mother Nature has, once again, given them a kick in the pants.
This fall’s cold and wet weather has left farmers facing tough choices, said Nick Baker, agriculture agent for UW Extension, Rock County.
The problem really started last spring, when the majority of the crops went into the ground two to three weeks late, he said.
“It kind of rained all summer, and it never really got too hot, so we had a delayed harvest,” Baker said. “And now, this weather is delaying us even more.”
About 5 inches of snow fell last week, rain came Sunday night and more snow is predicted this week.
Farmers don’t have a lot of good choices.
They can wait for the fields to dry and then harvest their crops, but the weather doesn’t look like it’s going to cooperate any time soon. Meanwhile, corn and soybeans are soaking up all the extra moisture from rain and melting snow, Baker said.
Farmers will get less per bushel from high-moisture corn because grain elevators have to dry it.
When soybeans soak up moisture and then go through the freezing and thawing cycle, the pods split, and the beans end up on the ground.
Farmers could wait until the ground freezes, Baker said, but if the cold brings even a little bit of snow, that’s not great, either.
“The soybean pods go from the top of the plant to the ground,” Baker explained. “So even if we get 2 or 3 inches of snow, we’re going to have to leave 15% to 20% of the yield potential out there.”
In addition, harvesting frozen grain can damage combines. Alternatively, combines’ sieves can get blocked, and the corn ends up on the ground, Baker said.
This season’s one positive might be high yields. Harvesting conditions will reduce those yields, but at least farmers might break even, Baker said.
Joe Martin, who farms in the town of Fulton, said it has been a frustrating season. He’s going to use his high moisture corn to feed his dairy herd. He milks about 200 cows and has young stock to feed, as well.
One of the challenges is that this year follows last year’s wet and less-than-ideal harvest conditions, Martin said.
But weather isn’t something anyone can control, he said, and you just have to try again next year.
“It’s one of those years we just want to turn the page on,” Martin said.
William V. “Bill” Brown
Barbara J. Klobucar
Ferdinand L. Klobucar
Charles “Ed” Lundberg
Karen A. Morgan
John H. Taaffe
Gregory H. Tess
Carol J. Vitaioli
A local foundation and the University of Chicago have reached an “agreement in principle” for the transfer of the Yerkes Observatory, but it will be many months before the historic facility reopens.
Dianna Colman of the Yerkes Future Foundation said Tuesday the agreement took about 18 months of discussion and she estimated another six months before the transfer to the foundation is completed.
Colman said no major issues remain to be negotiated, but many details need to be handled before a final agreement.
“I have a high level of confidence, and the people at the university are being really responsive,” she said.
The university closed the 122-year-old observatory to the public in October 2018, although researchers continue to use it, according to the university.
The foundation seeks to revitalize the facility for public and educational tours, education and research.
The observatory’s telescopes include a 40-inch refracting telescope, said to be the largest of its kind.
Colman said last December the foundation and university were close to an agreement but the legal interests of the Yerkes family had to be considered.
A provision in the original agreement gives the donor, Charles T. Yerkes, and his heirs a say if the university ever stopped maintaining the building as an astronomical observatory.
Colman on Tuesday would not say whether the heirs have signed off on the agreement.
“I haven’t had a good chance to talk through everything with them, and I want to be respectful of them, so I’m not going to answer that one yet,” Colman said.
“I had the pleasure of meeting many of the descendants over the past year and a half,” Colman added. “They’ve been wonderful, very gracious.”
Colman said the agreement envisions a “large collar of land” around the observatory, located near Geneva Lake, but she would not say how much land because she is subject to a nondisclosure agreement.
She also would not discuss how the property would be transferred to the foundation or potential terms of that agreement.
Colman said the foundation has been trying hard to be respectful of the Yerkes family, educators, researchers and people in Williams Bay who ask every day what’s going on.
“It took lot of effort from lot of people on both sides to try and move this thing to a reasonable solution,” Colman said.
Colman said she has met with interested educators, astronomers and planetarium officials from Wisconsin, Illinois, Virginia, Texas, Michigan, Ohio, California, Arizona and Canada.
“It is really a much loved and much cared for place. They all want to see it become more vibrant, and that’s been really so touching to hear all of the support,” she said. “We would love to open it to other schools, and also the University of Chicago should be in that group because these people are amazing.”
Coleman said the foundation has a goal of raising $20 million to $30 million for upgrades.
Foundation members, a broad mix of people living in the Geneva Lake area, are excited about what’s ahead, Colman said.
“Obviously, everybody wants it open, but to open something when you’re not ready is really foolish,” Colman said, adding that staff needs to be hired, pictures rehung and cleaning and “moving things in and out” need to happen.
“What we want when we reopen is, we want people to walk in and say, “Oh, good,” not, “Oh, they need to do some work.”
Republicans in the state Senate fired Gov. Tony Evers’ agriculture secretary Tuesday, handing the Democratic governor another defeat on his 68th birthday—a move Evers called “absolute bullshit.”
It marked the first time the Senate ousted a cabinet secretary in at least decades, and possibly ever.
Republicans defended their vote to reject Brad Pfaff, who has headed the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection since January. They argued manure storage rules Pfaff has been developing would hurt struggling farmers amid one of the worst downturns for the dairy industry.
But Evers said the lawmakers were punishing Pfaff for sticking up for farmers and publicly criticizing Republicans who control the Legislature for holding back suicide prevention funds.
“If I was a total cynic I’d say, ‘Keep your damn mouth shut,’ but I’m not. I want them to be forthcoming. I want them to be professional. That’s why we hired them,” Evers said, referring to other cabinet members who have not yet been approved by the Senate. “To think that they’re going to have to keep their mouth shut for the next, who knows—four years—in order to get approved by this Senate, this is just absolute bullshit.”
Evers made his comments just moments after stepping off the Senate floor where he watched lawmakers debate the fate of his agriculture secretary—a rare move for a sitting governor.
The governor remained silent but at one point took a moment to shake the hand of Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald, a Republican from Juneau, who led the effort to oust Pfaff.
Fitzgerald signaled the Republicans’ plans Friday and said Tuesday his house will “continue to take its role of oversight seriously and will exercise our responsibility to hold them in check.”
“Gov. Evers is right about one thing: farmers are struggling. Unfortunately, his pick for DATCP secretary was part of the problem, not the solution,” Fitzgerald said. “He tried to place burdensome rules on Wisconsin farmers at a time they can least afford it and repeatedly engaged in partisan political games targeting the Legislature.”
But Evers said Pfaff and his staff tried to work with Republicans by delaying consideration of the manure storage rules that became a focus of Republicans’ ire.
He said lawmakers should have worked within the rulemaking process to change them.
Evers called the move callous, cruel and “political B.S.,” noting that much of the reason Pfaff was rejected was because of a fight over suicide prevention funds.
The vote fell along party lines, with all 19 Republicans voting against Pfaff and all 14 Democrats voting for him. Nine months ago, five Republican senators were united in supporting Pfaff in committee.
On the Senate floor, Fitzgerald raised the prospect that other members of Evers’ Cabinet could be rejected despite a long history of senators deferring to governors of both parties on the teams they assemble.
“Some are going to go through, and I don’t know if the rest of them are going to make it,” Fitzgerald said of Evers’ Cabinet.
Evers said he hasn’t yet been informed by Fitzgerald which of his outstanding Cabinet picks are in jeopardy, and he said he didn’t know whom he would name to replace Pfaff.
“I don’t even know—I can’t even speak about that now that I’m so P.O.’ed,” he said.
Support for Pfaff faded after the Senate Agriculture Committee unanimously recommended confirming him in February.
Fitzgerald, who is now running for Congress, was angered in July when Pfaff criticized GOP lawmakers for not making available $100,000 for mental health services for struggling farmers that was included in the state budget. Fitzgerald told Pfaff his comments were “beneath your position.”
The Legislature’s budget committee released the funds in September.
Republicans also opposed the rules Pfaff has worked on that are meant to protect farmers’ neighbors from the stench of manure by expanding setback requirements for storage facilities. Those rules were initially outlined by the administration of former Gov. Scott Walker.
Pfaff put off advancing the manure rules Friday, just after Fitzgerald said Pfaff didn’t have enough votes to get confirmed.
No cabinet secretary has been rejected by the Senate since sometime before 1987, according to state records going back until then. Older records haven’t been compiled.
Administration Secretary Joel Brennan said he did not believe a Cabinet secretary had been rejected in state history, noting no one has come up with an example of it happening in recent months.
“It’s a new low,” Brennan said of the effort to throw out his colleague.
Evers and farming groups called for the Senate to keep Pfaff on the job amid a crisis gripping the state’s dairy industry. Wisconsin has led the country in farm bankruptcies in recent years.
But GOP Sen. Steve Nass of La Grange said he didn’t think Pfaff has done enough for farmers and was concerned about the manure rules Pfaff had been working on.
“We will be remembered for doing our job,” Nass said of voting down Pfaff. “That is what we were elected to do, and that’s what we’re doing today.”
Fitzgerald asked Evers on Friday to withdraw Pfaff’s nomination because Republicans didn’t support him. He made a public appeal Tuesday for the governor to revisit that idea ahead of the vote. Evers declined.
The five Republicans who changed course after initially backing Pfaff are Kathy Bernier of Chippewa Falls, André Jacque of De Pere, Howard Marklein of Spring Green, Jerry Petrowski of Marathon and Patrick Testin of Stevens Point.
Testin declined to take calls Monday and Tuesday from the governor, according to Evers’ office. Petrowski met with Evers last month but did not raise any concerns about Pfaff, according to his office.
Jacque said he developed concerns about Pfaff in the months since he backed him. He did not describe them in detail but said he was frustrated by how the governor’s office had characterized a meeting they tried to set up.
The other senators who changed their stances have not explained why they did so.
Farm groups rallied behind Pfaff, including the Wisconsin Agri-Business Association, the Wisconsin Corn Growers Association, the Cooperative Network and the Wisconsin Cheese Makers Association.
Pfaff grew up on a dairy farm in La Crosse County and served as deputy chief of staff to Democratic U.S. Rep. Ron Kind before Evers named him agriculture secretary. Pfaff also worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency during President Barack Obama’s administration.
“Agriculture is in Brad’s DNA. It is who he is,” said Senate Minority Leader Jennifer Shilling, a Democrat from La Crosse who called Pfaff her oldest friend in politics.
“He is undeniably qualified for this job, and at a time when the ag industry is in a crisis and there is uncertainty of trade wars and tariffs, of weather, of declining prices, Brad is that voice that we need to help family farmers in this state.”
Cabinet secretaries can perform their jobs without confirmation, but they must leave office if the Senate votes to reject them. Pfaff vacated his office Tuesday after the Senate vote.
Republicans also have raised concerns about some of Evers’ other secretaries, including Safety and Professional Services Secretary Dawn Crim.
Crim in 2005 repeatedly poked her 5-year-old son’s hand with a pen to punish him after he did the same thing to another child. She was charged with felony child abuse, but the case was dismissed as part of a deferred prosecution agreement.
Fitzgerald for the first time Tuesday raised the prospect that Tourism Secretary Sara Meaney could be at risk because of a dispute she is having with a member of the Governor’s Council on Tourism. Longtime council member Kathy Kopp has said Meaney asked her to consider resigning—a claim Meaney has denied.
Some Senate Republicans also oppose Transportation Secretary Craig Thompson because he lobbied for a gas tax increase before he joined Evers’ administration. And some of them are against Health Services Secretary Andrea Palm because she chose a former Planned Parenthood of Wisconsin lobbyist as her deputy.