Angela Cardinal and her mother, Barbara Cardinal, have lived in Janesville’s Fourth Ward long enough to see a transition in the city’s oldest neighborhood.
Actually, the change is evident in the yard of the home they bought six years ago, a two-story, circa-1870s Italianate on a tidy lot at Jackson and Van Buren streets.
Earlier this decade, before the Cardinals lived there, the historic home was a fire-damaged, three-unit apartment that some neighbors say drew nuisance complaints.
“That home used to have dirty diapers piled in the yard, just thrown out windows into the grass. There were diapers piled up like snow drifts. It’s not like that anymore,” said Burdette Erickson, a longtime Fourth Ward resident and neighborhood activist.
Neighbors and Janesville police say the Fourth Ward’s roughly 3,000 residents have a neighborhood that’s noticeably safer and cleaner than it was earlier this decade.
Police Chief David Moore said his department has spent the last five years retooling and ramping up enforcement in what’s been a decade-long fight against crime, gang and illegal drug activity, chronic nuisance properties, and derelict landlords.
Moore believes the Fourth Ward has had the “quietest” summer he’s seen in years, a marked difference from the summer of 2014, when some neighbors reported being chased inside their homes by brazen criminal activity.
That included drug dealers neighbors said would congregate in parts of the Fourth Ward and block traffic, intimidate residents who confronted them and in at least one case physically attack neighbors.
“We knew that in the years coming out of the Great Recession and with the loss of General Motors, that if we lost the Fourth Ward and Look West neighborhoods on the west side to crime and disorder, our entire community would be judged based on what happens in those neighborhoods,” Moore said. “You know, we sat down, and I said, ‘Man, we need a plan.’ We had a program, but we need it a little bit more structured. We refined our plan.”
Moore and officers who specialize in street crimes and nuisance property problems said some changes have come since the city responded to the 2014 spike in crime by tightening guidelines in its nuisance property rules. That included setting a new threshold for when the city can take action on problem houses, often rental properties.
Now, if an individual property racks up four legal violations—anything from arrests, citations or written warnings—the city can force landlords to deal with the problems through nuisance “abatement” plans.
That has actually led to more Fourth Ward landlords self-reporting suspicious behavior, disorder or crimes that involve their own properties, said Janesville police Sgt. Josh Norem, a property compliance officer, and Sgt. Mark Ratzlaff, who leads the police department’s street crimes unit.
Those measures are part of extra resources and outreach to neighbors in the Fourth Ward. Over the last few years, all three shifts of the department have had officers and supervisors who have keyed on nuisance properties in the Fourth Ward and elsewhere.
Norem said his records show active enforcement actions for 10 nuisance properties in the Fourth Ward. He said that is similar to other neighborhoods in the city.
One home in the 200 block of South Jackson Street, Norem said, a house that is split into several apartment units, had multiple violations in prior years. This year, he said, the property hasn’t drawn complaints, and it hasn’t had violations.
Erickson, a retired teacher who has lived in the Fourth Ward for more than 30 years, spoke to The Gazette over the phone this week as he watched a half-dozen police hunt through his backyard. He said cops had told neighbors they were searching for two teen boys.
“That kind of thing has become more unusual in the Fourth Ward,” Erickson said of the police search for the teens. “It has been really quiet this summer. But what I’m seeing looking out the window, the police here, is encouraging. Because whatever the problem is, they’re after it. And I think they’ll take care of it.”
As it turned out, police believe the teens had stolen a vehicle. Officers found and arrested the teens that day, according to police reports.
Erickson believes there are now more owner-occupied homes in the Fourth Ward than earlier in the decade, some owned by residents who Erickson said have moved here from other cities.
He said some people new to the neighborhood have helped embolden longtime Fourth Ward residents who in the past might have tolerated crime and nuisance properties.
“There’s been an increase in what I’d call neighborhood feistiness,” Erickson said. “We’ll no longer tolerate those who’d destroy the Fourth Ward. Part of it is people taking ownership of homes and ownership of the neighborhood itself. That has created action against bad landlords.”
Aaron Good, a 32-year-old, lifelong Fourth Ward resident, was watching a pair of neighborhood block parties at the Fourth Ward Park on Thursday evening. Two groups—the Janesville Police Department and a Janesville church—were hosting separate events. About 100 children from the neighborhood mingled, played games, ate hot dogs and chatted with police.
Good said it has been years since he saw that many children running and playing at Fourth Ward Park. Like Erickson, Good believes a blend of policing and neighborhood advocacy have helped make his neighborhood feel the safest in years.
“You can walk around. It seems peaceful. It’s cleaner. You ain’t got adults hanging out at the Fourth Ward basketball court, beating up kids, doing drug deals and smoking drugs,” Good said. “You want to know why? There’s more eyes, more people together, watching this place.”
One of the police department’s Fourth Ward neighborhood liaisons and veteran street crimes officer, Sgt. Jennifer Wehmas, is in charge of locating the police department’s block parties in the Fourth Ward.
Wehmas said in past years, she has purposely staged block parties on streets adjacent to known drug houses or residences that are on the radar for criminal activity, arrests and frequent neighbor complaints. The purpose, Wehmas said, has been to send a message of police presence and to cultivate trust among neighbors and children.
This year, unlike previous years, Wehmas said police aren’t confronting glaring problem houses in the Fourth Ward.
“I’ve actually been having a hard time this year finding a ‘problem area’ where I’d set up the block parties. So it’s been harder to make that my primary goal. There’s no particular area that stands out,” Wehmas said.
“I guess that’s a good sign.”
Two local state legislators from opposite sides of the political aisle are working together to make health services delivered by phone or computer more accessible to Medicaid recipients.
State Reps. Amy Loudenbeck, R-Clinton, and Debra Kolste, D-Janesville, are among the co-authors of a bill that would make it easier for providers to offer “telehealth” services and for Medicaid patients to receive coverage for them, according to a news release.
Telehealth involves the delivery of health care remotely via a computer, tablet, smartphone or other device, according to the Wisconsin Hospital Association.
Telehealth is commonly used for virtual office visits, telestroke services, remote patient monitoring and remote evaluation of patient information.
Loudenbeck told The Gazette the bill would improve access to routine services for rural Wisconsinites and those with mobility challenges.
As someone who has worked in health care, Kolste said it was initially difficult to get behind telehealth because it works against traditional ideas and techniques for medicine. However, she said she understands that health care must keep up with technology.
The bill targets four goals to improve Medicaid coverage of telehealth, according to the release:
The bill is being circulated for co-sponsorship and will be introduced at the end of the month, according to the release.
Changes in the bill are unlikely to increase costs for the state, other than potential upfront administrative costs, Loudenbeck said.
Studies have shown that increasing telehealth services does not increase the number of Medicaid claims because people are receiving the same services as always, just in a different way, Loudenbeck and Kolste agreed.
Lack of reimbursement and the additional certification required to provide telehealth services tend to deter providers from offering such services to Medicaid patients, Kolste said.
Providing access to mental health services was a draw for Loudenbeck. She said better access to telehealth counseling will prevent many of her constituents from having to travel to Madison or Milwaukee for counseling.
Loudenbeck said her support to expand telehealth services to Medicaid recipients does not conflict with state Republicans’ opposition to expanding Medicaid eligibility to 133% of the federal poverty level and accepting federal funding, as allowed under the Affordable Care Act.
Loudenbeck said she wants to help people who are already part of the Medicaid system rather than bring new people into the system.
“I am focused on improving the robust system we already have in Wisconsin by ensuring that providers can provide current Medicaid enrollees with the right care, in the right place, at the right time,” Loudenbeck said in an email to The Gazette.
Kolste said she thinks the bill has bipartisan support because it is less politicized than Medicaid expansion.
She said she does not know why Republicans don’t want to save the state money and provide health care to more people by expanding Medicaid.
“I don’t understand, other than politics,” she said.
Jeremy R. Brown
Kevin E. Cocroft
Irene R. Gallatin
Lillian D. Luchsinger