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Mideast conflict needs two-state solution

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MARIA TORDOFF
June 10, 2011
EDITOR’S NOTE: This is among commentaries written by students in the Washington Seminar program at Janesville Parker High School. The seminar is for students in the advanced placement U.S. government course taught by Joe Van Rooy.

The ongoing conflict between Israelis and the Palestinians is a complex struggle, and only time can tell when it shall be resolved. However, after researching and speaking with experts in Washington, D.C., I have concluded that a two-state solution is the best route to peace.


This means each side recognizes the other as a legitimate state and the two sides resume a peaceful coexistence with compromised demographics. This proposition is the optimal resolution that guarantees Israel security and Palestine sovereignty.


Although the Obama administration is working on bringing together Israeli and Palestinian leaders to conduct direct negotiations, the peace process remains in an impasse. As long as the Hamas government in Gaza defies recognition of Israel and is a continuous threat, Israel refuses to negotiate any peace with Hamas. This constant struggle threatens any hope for a successful advancement in the two-state solution.


Direct negotiation is necessary for any progress to be made in the two-state solution. Complex issues such as security, water rights, refugees and demographics need to be addressed by both parties.


Security is a major issue for Israel. It faces a terrorist threat from Hamas in Gaza and Hezbollah in Lebanon, both of which are being financially supported by Iran.


One think tank expert I interviewed stated that “As long as Israel feels threatened by rogue countries such as Iran, a hope for a compromise is dismal.”


What makes finalizing demographics so difficult is that the Israelis and Palestinians have hundreds of years of destructive history show that living in one nation is an inevitable failure. One land that calls for two clashing cultures equals two separate states.


The two-state compromise should be the main focus when resolving the peace process.



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